Leptospira bacteria causes Leptospirosis

Incubation Period:  7-10 days

Mode of Transmission:

  • Entry of the leptospira bacteria through wounds when in contact with flood waters, vegetation, moist soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals, especially rats.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Non-specific symptoms of muscle pain, headache
  • Calf-muscle pain and reddish eyes fro some cases
  • Severe cases result tot liver involvement, kidney failure or brain involvement.  Thus some cases may have yellowish body discoloration, dark-colored urine and light stools, low urine output, severe headache.


  • Antibiotics duly prescribed by a physician.
  • Early recognition and treatment within two days of illness to prevent complications of leptospirosis, so early consultation is advised.

Prevention and Control:

  • Avoid swimming or wading in potentially contaminated water or flood water.
  • Use of proper protection like boots and gloves when work requires exposure to contaminated water.
  • Drain potentially contaminated water when possible.
  • Control rats in the household by using rat traps or rat poison, maintaining cleanliness in the house.


  • Iwasang lumangoy, lumusong at maglaro sa baha.
  • Gumamit ng bota kung kailangang lumusong sa baha.
  • Sumakay sa bangka or rubber boats kung aalis ng bahay.

Mga Palatandaan ng Leptospirosis:

  • Lagnat
  • Panginginig ng katawan o “Chills”
  • Pananakit ng ulo, binti, kalamnan at kasu-kasuan
  • Pamumula ng mga mata
  • Paninilaw ng balat
  • Nahihirapang umihi

Kung may lagnat ng 2 araw, agad na komunsulta sa doktor.

Buhay ay mahalaga, huwag lumusong sa baha!

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Source: Department of Health

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