Hepatitis A is caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV).
Mode of Transmission
- Ingestion of food contaminated with human waste and urine of persons who are sick of Hepatitis A
Signs and Symptoms
- flu-like symptoms: weakness, muscle and joint aches, loss of appetite, dizziness with or without vomitting
- abdominal discomfort
- after few days, jaundice may follow
- No specific medicine to cure the patient or shorten the course of illness.
- Sick persons shuld be isolated, advised to rest, take plenty of luids and avoid fatty foods.
- Patient who fail to take fluids or are too weak to eat are sometimes brought for intravaneous administration of fluids and vitamins.
Prevention and Control
- Wash hands after using the toilet, before preapring food and before eating
- Dispose human waste properly.
- Thoroughly cook oysters, clams, other shellfish for 4 minutes or steamed for 1 minute and 30 seconds.
- Practice safe handling and storage of food and water.
The disease is self-limiting and may last for 1 to 2 weeks. Patient often recovers even without treatment.
Source: Department of Health