Vibrio cholerae bacteria causes Cholera

Mode of Transmission

Eating of food or drinking of water contaminated with human waste.

 Signs and Symptoms

  • Sudden onset of frequent painless watery stools
  • Vomitting
  • Rapid dehydration (e.g. sunken eyeballs, wrinkled and dry skin)


  • Replace lost body fluid by giving Oral Rehydration Solution (ORESOL) or a homemade solution composed of 1 teaspoon of salt, 4 teaspoons of sugar mix to 1liter of water. If diarrhea persists, consult your health workers or bring the patient to the nearest hospital.

 Prevention and Control

  • Drink only safe and clean water. If unsure, boil drinking water (Upon reaching boiling point, extend boiling for two or more minutes), or
  • Do water chlorination.
  • Keep food away from insects and rats by covering it.
  • Wash and cook food properly.
  • Sanitary disposal of human waste.
  • Use toilet properly and clean toilet everyday.
  • Wash hands with soap after using toilet and before eating.
  • Keep surroundings clean to prevent flies and other insects and rodents from breeding.

more tips

Source: Department of Health

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